The FCA continues to be the federal government’s primary civil enforcement tool for investigating allegations that healthcare providers or government contractors defrauded the federal government. In the coming weeks, we are taking a closer look at recent legal developments involving the FCA. This week, we examine recent court decisions following Escobar that considered the express certification theory of FCA liability.
While Escobar focused on implied certification liability, its guidance as to the FCA’s materiality requirement should apply equally to FCA cases where falsity is premised on an express certification. See U.S. ex rel. Thomas v. Black & Veatch Special Projects Corp., 820 F.3d 1162, 1174 (10th Cir. 2016) (pre-Escobar decision explaining that “[a]lthough express and implied claims differ, both nonetheless share some common elements, including a materiality requirement”); United States v. Fulton Cnty., Ga., 2016 WL 4158392, at *5 (N.D. Ga. Aug. 5, 2016) (post-Escobar decision stating that “[t]he misrepresentation, whether express or implied, must be material to the other party’s course of action”).
Bass, Berry & Sims’ Inside the FCA blog features news, commentary and thought leadership covering FCA, healthcare fraud and procurement fraud.