In one of the few cases to apply the Supreme Court's recent decision in Universal Health Services v. Escobar, the Seventh Circuit recently revisited and affirmed its prior rejection of an implied certification claim under the FCA. Whether this is a window into how other circuit courts might implement Escobar remains to be seen.
In United States ex rel. Nelson v. Sanford-Brown, Ltd., 788 F.3d 696 (7th Cir. 2015), the relator brought several claims, one of which was an implied certification claim, alleging that Sanford-Brown College (the "College"), which receives federal subsidies, violated the FCA by maintaining recruiting and retention practices that ran afoul of Title IV. In particular, the College entered into a Program Participation Agreement (PPA) with the federal government to receive subsidies under the Higher Education Act, and the PPA contained boilerplate language requiring the College to affirm that it would comply with Title IV's mandates. The relator claimed that because the College's practices in actuality violated Title IV, its representations in the PPA, and its attendant subsidy claims, were false.
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